The clogging of the nose, watering the eyes, sore throat – cold marks are very familiar. Here are seven ways to avoid lurgy, or ignore it sooner.
look at yourself
Studies suggest that active activity can help prevent respiratory infections, but getting rid of smoking, reducing alcohol intake and maintaining a healthy diet also helps. “A lot of exercise, good nutrition, keeping fit and healthy, and that will keep your immune system strong,” says Peter Barlow, an assistant professor of immunology and infection at the University of Edinburgh Napier.
Get enough sleep
Sleep is critical to health, says Eric Prather, assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of California, San Francisco. In a study published in 2013, Brother and his colleagues provided 164 sleepers and sleeping notes, presented them with bad cold, and then placed them in a quarantine at a hotel to monitor. After taking into account factors including age, gender, smoking habits and alcohol consumption, the team found that sleep was a factor in the disease. “We found that people who get less than six hours of sleep on average are four times more likely to have a cold than people who sleep more than seven hours,” says Brother.
wash your hands
There are about 160 types of nose viruses, which are behind the majority of common colds, says Barlow. “Anything you can do to avoid exposing yourself to this virus will reduce your chances of getting it.” Many health agencies say people are advised to wash them. Hands down with soap and water, to avoid touching the nose, eyes and mouth with dirty hands, keep away from sick people.
Stay away from children – if you can
According to Professor Mike Van Drill, head of primary care and general practice at the University of Queensland, children get several colds a year because their immune systems are still developing – and they tend to catch colds. “The parents of young children are more vulnerable than others who do not communicate with children very much, so getting away from them is good.”
If you are sick, think about others
The excess current is rising – but if you scatter the mucus you may need to consider a busy day. “If you cough and sneeze constantly, it’s probably a good idea not to be around other people, to spread the cold,” says Van Derrill.
Save your money
In a recent study, van deril and his colleagues looked at whether there were any treatments to help treat nasal symptoms. For many treatments, the results were inconclusive, but the depressants – either alone, or with analgesics or antihistamines – seem to help adults. (For younger children, the nose will be better). However, there is little evidence that many common treatments, such as Echinacea and vitamin C, can prevent or treat colds – in addition to that they can be expensive. “You may only take a hot hot drink or a hot lemon and a little honey,” says Van Driel. She adds that there is one drug to avoid, which antibiotics “do not really work.” An unnecessary prescription is one of the factors that fuel the current resistance to antibiotics.
Remember you will get it
“The immune system in a healthy person is perfectly capable of dealing with colds and most viruses,” says Dr Dril. “The cold virus is a benign autoimmune disease,” she says, adding that we must have confidence in our bodies to manage pathogens – in the vast majority of cases, even if we do nothing, we will be better.